Principal curves example (Elements of Statistical Learning)

By BioStatMatt

principal curves animation

(This article was first published on R – BioStatMatt, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

The bit of R code below illustrates the principal curves methods as described in The Elements of Statistical Learning, by Hastie, Tibshirani, and Friedman (Ch. 14; the book is freely available from the authors’ website). Specifically, the code generates some bivariate data that have a nonlinear association, initializes the principal curve using the first (linear) principal component, and then computes three iterations of the algorithm described in section 14.5.2. I used the ‘animation’ package to generate the following animated GIF, which illustrates these steps.


## generate some bivariate data
set.seed(42)
x1 

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