# Write in-line equations in your Shiny application with MathJax

(This article was first published on SAS and R, and kindly contributed to R-bloggers)

I’ve been working on a Shiny app and wanted to display some math equations. It’s possible to use LaTeX to show math using MathJax, as shown in this example from the makers of Shiny. However, by default, MathJax does not allow in-line equations, because the dollar sign is used so frequently. But I needed to use in-line math in my application. Fortunately, the folks who make MathJax show how to enable the in-line equation mode, and the Shiny documentation shows how to write raw HTML. Here’s how to do it.

R

Here I replicated the code from the official Shiny example linked above. The magic code is inserted into ui.R, just below withMathJax().
## ui.R

library(shiny)shinyUI(fluidPage(  title = 'MathJax Examples with in-line equations',  withMathJax(),  # section below allows in-line LaTeX via $in mathjax. tags$div(HTML("")),  helpText('An irrational number $sqrt{2}$           and a fraction $1-frac{1}{2}$'),  helpText('and a fact about $pi$:$frac2pi = frac{sqrt2}2 cdot frac{sqrt{2+sqrt2}}2 cdot frac{sqrt{2+sqrt{2+sqrt2}}}2 cdots$'),  uiOutput('ex1'),  uiOutput('ex2'),  uiOutput('ex3'),  uiOutput('ex4'),  checkboxInput('ex5_visible', 'Show Example 5', FALSE),  uiOutput('ex5')))## server.Rlibrary(shiny)shinyServer(function(input, output, session) {  output$ex1 withMathJax(helpText('Dynamic output 1:$alpha^2$')) }) output$ex2     withMathJax(      helpText('and output 2 $3^2+4^2=5^2$'),      helpText('and output 3 $sin^2(theta)+cos^2(theta)=1$')    )  })  output$ex3 withMathJax( helpText('The busy Cauchy distribution$frac{1}{pigamma,left[1 +               left(frac{x-x_0}{gamma}right)^2right]}!$')) }) output$ex4     invalidateLater(5000, session)    x     withMathJax(sprintf("If $X$ is a Cauchy random variable, then                        $P(X leq %.03f ) = %.03f$", x, pcauchy(x)))  })  output$ex5 if (!input$ex5_visible) return()    withMathJax(      helpText('You do not see me initially: $e^{i pi} + 1 = 0$')    )  })  })

Give it a try (or check out the Shiny app at https://r.amherst.edu/apps/nhorton/mathjax/)! One caveat is that the other means of in-line display, as shown in the official example, doesn’t work when the MathJax HTML is inserted as above.